Saskatoon Berries

Saskatoons and their Nutritional Properties

Saskatoons

The word Saskatoon is derived from the Cree name Mis-sask-qua-too-mina, meaning "the fruit of the tree of many branches".

Saskatoon Berries go back in our history hundreds of years. The native people used the saskatoon berry to make pemmican, which was an important staple in their diets. Pemmican was an important part of their ceremonial rituals. This berry was important for medicinal purposes as well.

These dark purple, nutritious berries are not only delicious they have high nutritional value. Below is a comparison of the nutritional values of various berries:

Per 100g

  • Energy
  • Protein
  • Carbohydrate
  • Total Lipid (fat)
  • Total Fibre
  • Vitamin C
  • Iron
  • Potassium
  • Vitamin A

SASKATOONS

  • 84.84 Ca
  • 1.33 g
  • 18.49 g
  • 0.49 g
  • 5.93 g
  • 3.55 mg
  • 0.96 mg
  • 162.12mg
  • 35.68 IU

BLUEBERRIES

  • 51 Ca
  • 0.42 g
  • 12.17 g
  • 0.64 g
  • 2.7 g
  • 2.5 mg
  • 0.18 mg
  • 54 mg
  • 100 IU

STRAWBERRIES

  • 37 Ca
  • 0.7 g
  • 8.4 g
  • 0.5 g
  • 1.3 g
  • 59 mg
  • 1.0 mg
  • 21 mg
  • 27 IU

RASPBERRIES

  • 49 Ca
  • 0.91 g
  • 11.57 g
  • 0.55 g
  • 4.9 g
  • 25 mg
  • 0.75 mg
  • 152 mg
  • 130 IU

Source: Saskatoon berries, SFGA, Conducted by POS Pilot Plant, assistance of Native Fruit Development Program (February 2003); Other fruit--USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 15 (August 2002).


Saskatoon Berry Nutritional Facts

Saskatoon berries appear to be an excellent source of manganese, magnesium, iron, calcium, potassium, copper and carotene. A 100-gram serving of fresh Saskatoon berries will supply 88 mg of calcium or 11% of the Recommended Dietary Allowance. Saskatoon berries can be considered a better source of calcium than red meats, vegetables and cereals.

Saskatoon berries are an excellent source of iron! 22.3% of the Recommended Dietary Allowance in a 100-gram serving. (Hope, 1965) suggested that saskatoon berries may be a natural source of iron for anemic persons. Saskatoons supply 33.8% of the Recommended Dietary Allowance of manganese and 7% of the Recommended Dietary Allowance of copper.

Recent research indicates saskatoons have very high components of phenolics, flavonols and anthocyanins. Saskatoons are high in sugar, rich in Vitamin C, and also contain more than three times as much iron and copper in the same weight as raisins.

Saskatoon Nutrients: The Journal of Food Science - Volume 47 1982 Dr. G. Mazza